Elements and Principles of Art and Design

These pictures show the elements and principles of art and design and each elements definition. Source: Google images/Original

Elements of art:

Colour: adds mood or emotion to the art.                                                                                                                                                                                                           Example: (taken by me)

IMG_20120712_100418 This picture focus’ on the Nesquik cereal. The back round was made grey (dull colour) so all the focus is on the cereal. This is why the cereal is the only coloured object in this picture.

Form: a three-dimensional geometrical figure                                                                                                                                                                                                 Example: Google

Hand-Eye-Coordination-by-Liam-YorkThe hands in this image make the eye pop out looking like it is three-dimensional.

Line: a continuous mark that’s made on a surface, by a moving point.                                                                                                                                                 Example: Google

LineZebra-28dxwuoThis is an example of line because everything in the picture corresponds to lines. They seem to be continuous.

Shape: A shape is an enclosed space. The boundaries of shapes are defined by other elements of art including lines, colours, textures etc.             Example: Google

StarShape-12fd2n1This shape is defined by “hands” which in other pictures would be the “lines”. The hands enclose the shape.

Texture: texture in a picture is used to describe how the object in the picture feels when actually touched or to create the “feel” of it.                          Example: (Taken by me)

photo 3This image creates texture because you can see the fur on the cat and on its paws which create the feeling of “soft”, but you can also see its nails which the texture is sharp.

Space: refers to distances or areas around, between the components of the image                                                                                                                          Example: Google

TexturesinIcecreamThis image shows space because there is a distance between the two ice creams and the person behind which is somewhat in between the ice cream.

Value: refers to the lightness and darkness of a photo                                                                                                                                                                                     Example: Google

dst-report-usaThis photo connects to value because the focus can be on the bikers or on the landscape because of the contrast. In one perspective, the bikers are dark to draw attention to them.

Principles of Design:

Balance: Refers to how the elements are placed in a photo                                                                                                                                                                       Example: Google

imagesThis is an example of balance because the bird is placed in that spot so it looks like it is flying toward the sun.

Emphasis: making one part of the photo stand out                                                                                                                                                                                           Example: (Taken by me)

IMG_20120929_141822This photo uses emphasis because the focus is on the rose. The back round is dark so the focus is on the rose.

Pattern: A repetition of an/or element(s)                                                                                                                                                                                                               Example: Google

cheetahs_29671_600x450This image shows pattern because each cheetah has a similar pattern. The dots on it repeat.

Movement: shows action                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Example: Google

capturing-motion-in-photographyThis picture shows movement by showing the girl running and jumping on the beach.

Rhythm: some rhythms have patterns but not all of them. The colours of a piece can show rhythm by making your eyes move from one component to another.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Example: Google

IMG_2113This picture’s rhythm is shown by the pattern of the stairs.

Unity: When all the elements of art are combined to make a “whole”                                                                                                                                                       Example: Google

70628467.GjxXxdfm.elnido100This picture shows unity by showing action, emphasis, colour, space, shape etc.

Contrast: refers to arrangement of opposite elements (Ex. light vs dark)                                                                                                                                             Example: Google

contrast-fotosas-photographyThis is an example of contrast because it is a black butterfly on a white flower. (light vs dark) This makes either the butterfly stand out or the flower depending on how you are looking at the picture.

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By Alexia_K

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